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Five Steps Planning Which Lighting Is Suitable, When Renovating or Building a Home



Lighting will make a big difference in how we feel and enjoy in our house. When we planned well, it will make us feel more secure and comfortable. In each renovation or development, electrical installation is almost inevitable to be changed and moved.

No matter the type of small, medium, or large, electricity is a key utility that determines safety and comfort house, especially when the house finished restored. Therefore, the development House must always pay attention to the planning mature in terms of lighting.

And because the lighting is the life of the living room. These are the 5 steps that you must follow.

First, you have to make a plan and start with identifying needs and listing what activities will take place in each room in the room. From these needs, you will know what types of decorative elements wall tiles, decorations, furniture, etc. You will place in each room, and how you will build its atmosphere through its light processing.

A dark-walled room, for example, will absorb light so that the room looks more serene, dim, tends to be gloomy. Conversely, bright-walled space will reflect light brighter than the original.

Textured objects on the wall will look dull when given minimal lighting but will look lively and dynamic when highlighted by the right light.

Second, anyone in the family will use the space and for what purpose. Someone in their 50’s or 60’s needs it the lighting 15 times brighter than children 10 or 15 years at the time of reading.

It is also important to arrange how long each family member will be active in each room because you will be able to arrange the types of lights that you will use to illuminate the room.

From the list of needs and activities, what decorative elements are in each room, who uses them, how long the activity will last, you will know what type of lights you will use for each room.


Third, be aware of the different types of lighting for the lighting made in house. The illumination of different types of lighting houses has many versions but generally grouped into three categories.

Some use divisions as follows: general lighting, decorative lighting, and task lighting; there are also groupings made like this: ambient/background lighting, accent lighting, and task lighting.

Simply put, general lighting is a lamp for general use, whose function is to replace lighting from sunlight during the day. Task lighting is designed to illuminate certain activities such as reading, working at a computer, watching TV, embroidering, playing, or studying children.

While accent lighting or decorative lighting is a lamp that is used to illuminate a particular spot or object so that it gives a strong accent or decorative elements such as paintings, ornaments, textures, or artwork in the room become more lively, more dramatic, more dynamic.

Fourth is determining the right points to place the lights and the installation path. In determining this point, always consider safety and safety factors as priorities, and then efficiency and costs are the next priority.

Fifth, you need to explore and find references about the various shapes and models of lamps that are affordable by the bag, and then choose a lamp model that is in harmony with the style of the room you have or are about to build.

Five types of planning the lighting will make the house we are much more comfortable than just designing the lighting in general, or even did not plan at all.



(Video) Beneficial Music Choice! These 5 Songs Can Help You Improve Your Focus



Music actually is not just a means of entertaining ourselves. Other than that, it can also encourage creativity and also would help us to become more productive. Listening to music can be so therapeutic, relieving feelings of stress so that you can concentrate better. In fact, plenty of people swear by music as a helpful tool for studying and working.

Studies have shown that music produces several positive effects on a human’s body and brain. Music activates both the left and right brain at the same time, and the activation of both hemispheres can maximize learning and improve memory. These are 5 songs that have been scientifically proven that can really help you to improve your own focus.

1) Classical Music

Research done in French universities have shown that listening to classical music while studying can increase your test scores. Students lectured in a room with classical music in the background did significantly better on a quiz than students in a room with no music.

2) Meditation Music

Stress is not your friend when you need to focus. Music used for the purpose of meditation facilitates your mind and body’s ability to relax into a state of calmness. The effects of meditation music have been studied on cancer patients to decrease their levels of stress and increase their probability of healing and physiological markers of health.

3) Instrumentals

From movie and video game soundtracks to trance jazz, the pure melody of the instrumentals music gives your brain a break from trying to make sense of song lyrics in addition to concentrating on the 2,300 words you still have to knock out on your essay.

4) Nature & Rain Sounds

Nature relaxes us as it takes us away from the beeps and honks of city living and brings us to a state of relaxation and contentment. In a 2010 study, the participants who completed a challenging math problem that was followed by 10 minutes of nature sounds experienced greater sympathetic nervous system relaxation than the control group. Whether it be the sound of rain, ocean waves or the jungle, the sounds of nature manage to silence any annoying brain blabber and allow you to focus on the task at hand with surprising clarity.

5) Brainwave Entrainment

Brainwave entrainment is the scientific term of synchronizing your brain’s neuron activity to the rhythm of sound. There are two types of Brainwave Entrainment:

  • Binaural beats: Binaural beats utilize your brains natural ability to fill in sensory gaps by emitting sounds of two different frequencies into each ear. This causes the brain to detect the variance between these two frequencies and create its own frequency from the difference between the two.
  • Isochronic Tones: Research has said that the brain actually functions most optimally during the silence between sounds. This is why drumming can be so entrancing.

Sources: Spoon University.

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Labuan First To Achieve Herd Immunity Against COVID-19



LABUAN, July 27  — Labuan today completed fully vaccinating 80 per cent of its adult population and has become the first among federal territories and states in the country to achieve herd immunity against COVID-19.

The federal territory has immunised 54,800 of the 68,500 adults listed as eligible for the National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme (PICK).

The Labuan COVID-19 Immunisation Task Force (CITF) and the Labuan Disaster Management Committee described the programme as a difficult task but acknowledged that great team work had resulted in the success of the exercise.

Labuan CITF chairman Rithuan Ismail said a total of 54,800 (80 per cent) of the total population eligible for vaccination have received the two doses of the vaccine.

“We are pleased to have achieved herd immunity three days earlier than the targeted date of July 30.

Sources: BERNAMA

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Fear of Needles A Needling Issue Amid Vaccination Campaign



KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama) – While it is heartening that Malaysia has ramped up its COVID-19 vaccination drive in its endeavour to attain herd immunity soon, people who have an aversion to needles are having a hard time overcoming their fear and getting themselves inoculated.

For those who have a strong fear of needles, getting the vaccination is a big deal and can be anxiety-inducing.

According to Universiti Malaysia Sarawak psychiatrist Dr Amanda Albert, fear of needles is not uncommon, with some experts postulating that avoidance of pain caused when the needle pierces the skin is actually an evolutionary instinct.

“The human race survived by avoiding pain and injury with their fear instinct, creating a human predisposition to this fear of needles.

“However, problems arise when this fear reaches the extreme level of a phobia as this will affect one’s ability to obtain the vaccine or undergo any other medical procedure involving needles,” she told Bernama recently.

The specific phobia about medical procedures involving needles is called trypanophobia which, said Dr Amanda, is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), as a blood-injection-injury type phobia.

In Malaysia, there are no statistics pertaining to the number of people with this phobia but globally it is estimated that up to one in 10 people may suffer from some form of trypanophobia, she said.

“Studies also show that four out of five people with trypanophobia report having a first-degree family member with the same phobia. However, experts believe this may be due to learned behaviour more than actual genetic inheritance,” she added.


Dr Amanda said trypanophobia is diagnosed when a person has an immediate and marked fear response to medical needles.

Symptoms include fainting, dizziness, light-headedness, nausea, vomiting, sweating and palpitation.

“This fear can go on for at least six months and cause the person to avoid the trigger with intense fear and anxiety, usually out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the needle.

“It is also out of proportion to the person’s sociocultural context, meaning their fear responses are different from the fear responses of those in their social circles and cultural background,” she explained.

She said in certain cases, persons with this phobia have been known to completely avoid going to a clinic or hospital despite having an illness that requires treatment, or even refusing to get the COVID-19 vaccine.

“They will avoid medical needles at all costs, be it needles for vaccines or blood transfusion or medications that are given through the vein,” she said, adding that those with extreme trypanophobia may not only avoid the COVID-19 vaccine but also resist having their blood sample taken or any medication given via needles should they develop COVID-19.

Unlike anti-vaccination groups that have no trust in science or vaccine safety, individuals with trypanophobia generally do not object to vaccinations – they avoid it purely due to their fear of medical needles.

“People with trypanophobia would probably have no problem with taking vaccines that are given orally, like the polio vaccine,” she said, adding that people with this phobia can seek the help of a professional therapist, such as a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist, to overcome their fear.


Dr Amanda said those who are avoiding the COVID-19 vaccine due to their fear of needles must teach themselves to relax and do deep breathing exercises “to slow down the bodily responses of fear such as fast heartbeat and fast breathing” as it can help one to feel more at ease.

“(While at the COVID-19 vaccination centre) after you have checked that you are being given the right vaccine dosage, find things that would take your attention away from the procedure at hand. Bring a trusted friend or family member with you, or talk to them on the phone.

“You can also hold an ice pack in your hand as (the sensation of) pain and temperature run along the same nerve pathways to the brain, so this is a form of ‘distraction’ to your nerve pathway. If the room you are in has a piece of art or a cartoon drawing that you appreciate, pay more attention to it than the needle,” she said.

She also said that people with trypanophobia could prepare themselves for the vaccination through exposure therapy, which involves exposing themselves to medical needles step by step.

“Read about it and watch videos, then accompany someone to a vaccination centre,” she added.

Meanwhile, Dr Ammar Rashidi Abdullah, a medical officer at Hospital Kepala Batas in Penang, said individuals who have a phobia about needles should consult a psychiatrist or counsellor to overcome their fear.

The fear of needles can be detrimental to one’s state of health as it discourages a person from getting the COVID-19 vaccine, as well as any medical treatment involving the use of needles, he said.

He also reminded that the COVID-19 vaccines offered by the Ministry of Health are safe and approved by the ministry’s National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Authority Malaysia, as well the World Health Organisation.

Sources: BERNAMA

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