Many people in this whole wide world definitely familiar with the name IKEA and they also love to go there for many reasons. Some may be just like to eat there as they provide wide variations of delicious foods especially the iconic IKEA meatball and some others love to shop for furniture and house appliances there. Little did they know, the story of IKEA would be such an inspiring story for many people and it starts with a guy named Ingvar Kamprad.
As a child he was a match seller, as an adult he sold furniture. Then make the coolest furniture business network. The idea of a hip furniture store is like a mall. In turn, making him one of the richest people in the world.
Ingvar Kamprad was born in Sweden on March 30, 1926, and was the youngest child. His parents were a poor farmer couple living in the countryside. From a young age, Ingvar has shown interest in the business. When he was 5 years old, he started selling matches. He can buy matches in large and cheap bundles in Stockholm, then he sells them one by one at a low price and he can still make a profit.
From selling matches, he expanded further by selling fish, Christmas tree decorations, seeds and pens, and pencils. Ingvar finds it difficult to read or write because he has dyslexia, but he does not give up as he continues to try to finish his studies. Ingvar successfully completed his studies with good results. Reward for his efforts, his father had given him a monetary gift. With that money, he founded IKEA. The name is an acronym for his own name, Ingvar Kamprad, his birthplace, Elmtaryd, and his village, Agunnaryd.
Ingvar Kamprad uses the flat-pack concept for his sales furniture. This concept allows IKEA to store large amounts of furniture without consuming a lot of storage space. The furniture for sale consists of separate components and has to be assembled by the buyer himself. Buyers can buy more furniture, while IKEA doesn’t have to worry about storage space problems. Buyers just need to figure out for themselves how to install it. With this concept, Kamprad gets huge savings in terms of furniture shipping costs.
In the millennium, Ingvar came up with the idea for the mall concept to be applied in IKEA furniture stores. Various sections are opened, including a food court. So when shopping for furniture, you can relax and eat and continue shopping. Ingvar’s efforts to develop IKEA were not in vain. His business has thrived and has branches in various countries. Bloomberg 2017 reports that he owns a fortune worth USD46.8 billion.
Ingvar Kamprad himself was once listed as the 8th richest person in the world version of the Bloomberg Billionaires Index in 2015. At that time the value of his wealth was estimated at around USD 43.2 billion. In 2018, Ingvar died at the age of 91. His effort, passion, and hard work in starting a business from scratch is an inspiration to those who are starting a business.
There Are Actually Many Bridges Made In Malaysia And These 5 Are Some of Them
In Malaysia, there are actually so many bridges that have been made in many places. Each of the bridges made has its own uniqueness and also specialties because they have their own uses towards the communities. From the earliest arch and beam bridges to the newest suspension and truss bridges, these are some examples of bridges in Malaysia.
We build bridges to span obstacles, be it a valley, waterway, or another road. A bridge’s function designates its design. A bridge can be temporary, or it can last for millennia. Many Roman bridges are still standing today. No surprise then that bridges often become iconic landmarks for their region.
These are 5 examples of bridges in Malaysia:
1) ASEAN Bridge
The Batang Baram Bridge or ASEAN Bridge is the longest bridge in Miri Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. The bridge is located along Miri-Baram Highway. The ASEAN Bridge is located approximately 2 km upstream of the New Miri Port Complex. The bridge and access road directly link Sarawak with Brunei across the Batang Baram via the existing Immigration Checkpoint at Sungai Tujuh. Construction of the ASEAN Bridge and access road commenced on 17 January 2001 and was completed in August 2003. The bridge is designed in accordance with the latest British Standard BS 5400. The bridge has 19 spans with a total of 1040 meters.
2) Iskandariah Bridge
Iskandariah Bridge or Sultan Iskandar Bridge is one of four major bridges in Kuala Kangsar, Perak, Malaysia with the other one being the Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah Bridge. The 308-meter bridge crosses the Perak River near the town and is made out of steel. The bridge remains the longest steel arch bridge in Malaysia. Traffic on the bridge, however, was greatly reduced when the Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah Bridge a little further downstream was opened to traffic in 2003 in conjunction with the completion of the North-South Expressway.
3) Seri Bakti Bridge
The Seri Bakti Bridge is one of the main bridges in Putrajaya, Malaysia. The bridge links the secondary road to Seri Satria, the Deputy Prime Minister’s Residence, connecting the Government Precinct in the north to Precinct 16 in the south. The concept design was developed from several shorter spans, with a precast pretension “Super-T” beam slab deck with spans up to 35 m (115 ft). The total structure length is 270 m (890 ft). There are dual two-lane carriageways, 2 m (6.6 ft) median, walkway, and cycle track.
4) Putra Bridge
Putra Bridge is the main bridge in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It is analogous to Khaju Bridge in Esfahan, Iran. With a span of 435 meters, this bridge connects the Government Precinct to the Mixed Development Precinct and links Putra Square with the Boulevard. It was constructed in 1997. The upper level of the bridge forms part of the Boulevard. This huge three-deck bridge provides vehicle, monorail, and pedestrian access. Besides providing the link between Precinct 1 and Precinct 2 on the Core Island, it has been designed to be a special feature of Putrajaya. The piers also accommodate fine dining restaurants within its main pillar supports.
5) Sultan Ahmad Shah II Bridge
Sultan Ahmad Shah II Bridge or Semantan Bridge is the longest highway bridge in the East Coast Expressway network. It bridges the Pahang River in Pahang, Malaysia. This 700-meter bridge was opened when the East Coast Expressway was built. It crosses the Pahang River, the longest river in west Malaysia. At the entrance of the bridge, there are 2 elephant trunks that symbolize Pahang. There also many colorful lights around this bridge. This bridge was opened by Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Ahmad Shah on 22 April 2004. Near the bridge is the Temerloh Rest and Service Area.
This Filipino Man Has The Largest Collection of Fast Food Toys In The World
We all have memories of going to fast-food restaurants like McDonald’s and KFC and get free toys buying their meals. A man from the Philippines has the largest collection of fast food toys in the world.
Percival Lugue, has been collecting toys from fast-food chains since he was five. Now, at 50, he holds the Guinness Record for the most fast food toys in the world with over 20,000 of them.
Although most of the 20,000 toys in Percival’s collection come from personal purchases, he admits that he did have some help from friends and family. Sometimes he would “guide” them toward helping him, by inviting them to have lunch at a fast-food restaurant, and would manage to complete a whole set of toys in one sitting.
Ever since he got his first toy, he always took care of them. “The toy is like a storyteller in itself. It gives me a glimpse of that particular period when I got it, the story of what’s going on, what are the incidents that are attached in the acquisition.”
Working as a graphic artist, he has a three-story house in Apalit, Pampanga Province to store his collection. He dreams of putting the toys on display and gives people a chance to ‘revisit their own childhood memories’.
Truly Unexpected! Cats Used To Deliver Mail In A City In Belgium
Before email and modern transportations, carrier pigeons are used to deliver mail as well as horses, camels, dogs, and even reindeer in Alaska. However, did you know in Belgium, cats were used to deliver the news?
In 1876, members of the Belgian Society for the Elevation of the Domestic Cat trained 37 domestic cats to deliver mail in the Liège. Waterproof bags with letters tied around the cats’ necks and they were driven out of the countryside. Once within five hours to destination, they make their way and found their way back in 24 hours.
This scheme however never got its full potential as it lacks inefficiency.
In 2007, Gretchen Lamont wrote The Mail-Carrier Cats of Liège a book about the whole affair. Because quite a few details about the origin are missing. Although, some say it is slightly fictional.
It is quite possible that the Belgian Society for the Elevation of the Domestic Cat got its inspiration for the mail cats scheme from a practice called cat racing, which was supposedly popular in northern Europe around the 1860s.
In a book by Harrison Weir called Our Cats and All About Them, the first cat to make its way home won a prize hamper of ham, sausages, cigars, and other goodies.
It is still practiced until recently at the annual Curruñao festival in San Luis. However, in 2013 the festival was suspended for animal cruelty. Peruvian magistrate Maria Luyo was quoted as saying the event “caused grave social damage and damaged public health” in her ruling – good news for animal-lovers everywhere.
Source: The Culture Trip
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