Today we commemorate world asthma day. Asthma has become a serious health problem in many countries regardless of the economic condition of the country. Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract characterized by narrowing of the airways, inflammation, and increased airway response to various stimuli that cause shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
Other symptoms that can arise include chest pain, coughing, and wheezing that can be felt by patients who come to the pulmonologist. In diagnosing asthma, the doctor will do it comprehensively starting from recording the symptoms experienced and a physical examination. Investigations also need to be done to determine what therapy will be given.
These are 5 myths about asthma that you should not believe:
1) Asthma is a disease that occurs only in childhood and will heal itself as the patient ages.
Asthma symptoms can appear at any age. When symptoms appear and the child is under 5 years of age, doctors cannot make a definite diagnosis of asthma. Usually, the doctor’s diagnosis is ‘possibly asthma’. Because to definitely diagnose asthma, a spirometry examination is needed. Spirometry is a method of evaluating lung function where the doctor will ask the patient to breathe with this device. You will see how much air enters and leaves the lungs. So that evaluation by spirometry is usually done in patients over 12 years of age to get a diagnosis of asthma. So, this first myth is not true.
2) Asthma can heal or go away on its own
Asthma is often thought of as a childhood disease that goes away with age. It is true that asthma often occurs in children. Asthma attacks are also more common in children. Even so, asthma doesn’t really go away. Research shows that asthma symptoms can change or become less frequent over time, but the condition persists. The condition in question is airway hyperactivity which can lead to chronic constriction and inflammation. Asthma can also occur in adults who never experienced symptoms as a child, usually as a result of prolonged or continuous exposure to asthma triggers.
3) It is not safe for people with asthma to exercise
Excessive, high-intensity exercise is a common asthma trigger, so it’s no surprise that many people believe that it is not safe to exercise or exercise if you have asthma. But asthma is no excuse for not living a healthy lifestyle. In fact, by exercising with the appropriate intensity, and the patient using controlled therapy recommended by his lung doctor according to the dosage and in the right way, then the inflammatory process that is the basis of this asthma can be controlled. So that patients can carry out their daily activities, even exercise properly without interruption, and can also help reduce the incidence of asthma attacks. Exercises to improve lung health, such as swimming, light walking to jogging were also found to be associated with improved quality of life and fewer asthma symptoms.
4) Masks are not safe for people with asthma
You may have heard that masks cause a dangerous build-up of carbon dioxide (CO2) which you end up breathing in. This is not true, the CO2 particles are so small that they easily pass through masks and even special protective masks like N95. Research has also proven that the use of masks does not reduce oxygen saturation in the blood. In fact, all people with lung disease are advised to wear a mask. Using a mask may indeed feel uncomfortable, but wearing a mask in conjunction with social distancing and maintaining cleanliness can protect yourself and others from contracting infectious diseases that can trigger asthma attacks.
5) Inhaled steroids used to treat asthma are dangerous
Steroids are one of the gold standard treatments that have been recognized globally for treating asthma. But steroids have gotten a bad reputation because many people speculate that inhaled corticosteroids can stunt children’s growth or become addicted. Many also think that the steroids used for the management of asthma are the same as the anabolic steroids used to build muscle. In fact, the steroids used for the management of asthma are corticosteroids which are actually similar to the hormones produced by the body. The corticosteroid that is routinely used is also an inhaled corticosteroid, which is an inhalation method so that it directly targets the airway, the dose is very small compared to the dose of oral medicine so that it does not pass through the digestive tract or enter the blood vessels. This inhaled corticosteroid works to suppress inflammation that occurs in asthma. The use of inhaled corticosteroids also of course must be under the close supervision of a doctor.
Sources: Pendidikan Pesakit
Don’t Believe Fake News About COVID-19 Vaccines – Senior Citizens
KANGAR, May 11 — Senior citizens who successfully completed two doses of COVID-19 vaccine under the National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme yesterday urged the public to stop worrying about getting vaccinated.
Nearly 1,000 senior citizens who received the vaccine at the Dewan 2020 vaccination centre (PPV) expressed their gratitude for not being easily swayed by the spread of fake news on social media claiming that the second dose of COVID-19 vaccine shot causing complications to the recipients.
The Ministry of Communications and Multimedia (KKMM)’s Quick Response Team’s statement described the claims as untrue and advised the public not to disseminate such information which could cause confusion and anxiety among the community.
Meanwhile, one of the vaccine recipients, Shukor Shamsuddin, 74, from Taman Guru Jaya, hoped that the public would not be affected by the negative claims as the vaccine administered was safe.
“I wonder why there are still those, especially educated people, who are still afraid to get vaccinated. In fact, there are still many who have yet to register,” told Bernama yesterday.
Shukor, former director of the Perlis Social Welfare Department, said he did not feel sick during or after receiving the second or first dose of the vaccine.
Another recipient, former Perlis footballer, Salim Muhamad, 72, appealed to those affected by the negative claims to immediately register for vaccination as it would not only save themselves but also helps others to form group or herd immunity.
“Those who are afraid of getting vaccinated are lying to themselves as we all know that we need to put efforts when facing a disaster or disease,” he said.
Former lorry driver, [email protected] Hassan, 73, from Nesam, Bintong said he wondered why many urban residents and educated people were afraid to get inoculated, while he and many friends who were lorry drivers and farmers were responding positively to the government’s call to get vaccinated.
“For us villagers, in our minds, if we don’t get the vaccine shot then we will be more susceptible to COVID-19 virus. If we contract the virus, it will not only threaten our own lives but also the lives of our family members, neighbours and the general public,” he said.
China’s CoronaVac Vaccine Safe: Azerbaijani Acting Health Minister
BAKU, May – Azerbaijan’s acting health minister Teymur Musayev on Thursday said the CoronaVac vaccine made by China’s biopharmaceutical company Sinovac Biotech is fully safe.
Speaking at a press briefing of the operational headquarters for COVID-19 prevention and control, Musayev said that 1.6 million people in the country have got their first dose of the Chinese-made vaccine so far, while 600,000 people have received both.
According to Xinhua news agency, Musayev said Azerbaijan enrolled the CoronaVac vaccine for mass vaccination, describing it as “completely safe.”
Infection cases among those who received both doses were minor, he said.
“We embark on a new phase of vaccination against COVID-19 in Azerbaijan from May 10 that will enable citizens above 18 to be vaccinated. This means we now have sufficient quantities of the jab,” Musayev said.
Azerbaijan launched the mass vaccination in January.
COVID-19 Developments Remain Complicated In Regional Countries
HANOI, May 6 — The COVID-19 development in several countries in the ASEAN region remain complicated, Vietnam News Agency (VNA) reported.
In Laos, the Health Ministry had confirmed 46 new COVID-19 cases on May 5, mostly in Vientiane and Bokeo province with 19 and 15 cases, respectively.
From May 4, the Lao government decided to apply lockdown for additional 15 days until May 20.
So far, Laos has discovered 1,072 COVID-19 cases, including 99 recoveries and no death.
Meanwhile in Thailand, the pandemic is still developing complicatedly with 2,112 new cases confirmed on May 5 and 15 deaths, raising the total cases to 74,000 cases, with 318 deaths.
Bangkok is still a hot spot of COVID-19 with 789 cases, VNA reported.
In Indonesia, 155,000 soldiers and policemen will be deployed within the framework of Operation Ketupat Jaya 2021 from May 6 to 17 to minimise the spreading of COVID-19 during the Muslims Eid al-Fitr holidays from May 13 to 14.
Some 4,276 personnel will be stationed in the capital city and its adjoining areas. The Jakarta Police will deploy these personnel at 14 isolation points and 17 check points.
The Operation Ketupat Jaya 2021 is being conducted to block access to and from Jabodetabek, to maintain security, and to monitor the implementation of health protocols to stem the transmission of the coronavirus disease before, during, and after Eid al-Fitr, among others.
Meanwhile, spokesperson for the COVID-19 Handling Task Force Wiku Adisasmito armed that all forms of homecoming activities, including the local homecoming, are banned during Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr to lower the rate of COVID-19 infection.
At the same time, Malaysia’s capital city of Kuala Lumpur will re-apply movement control order (MCO) from May 7. This will be the third time the city is placed in MCO to control the COVID-19 pandemic.
Malaysian Defence Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob said that the order is given after 17 new clusters were recorded.
The order will be applied until May 20. Food premises, such as restaurants, food trucks, hawkers and kiosks, are allowed to operate from 6am to midnight only. Dine-ins are not allowed and food served are for delivery and takeaways only.
Malaysia on May 5 logged 3,744 new cases in the last 24 hours to bring the total to 424,376. There were 17 more deaths, bringing the total fatalities to 1,591.
The MCO was applied for the first time on March 18, 2020 and the second time on January 13, 2021.
The same day, Executive Secretary of the Philippine Presidential Office Salvador Medialdea said that the Southeast Asian country will ban tourists from Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh from May 7 to 14 as part of efforts to prevent the entry of SARS-CoV-2 variants found in India.
Travellers coming directly from those countries, or with a history of travel to any of them within the last 14 days, would be barred from entering, he said.
Earlier, the Philippines banned travellers from India from April 29 to May 14.
On May 5, the country confirmed 5,685 new COVID-19 cases and 178 deaths, raising the count to more than 1 million with 17,800 deaths.
In Cambodia, VNA reported that Prime Minister Hun Sen had on May 5 ordered to vaccinate more than 52,000 people in all areas in the red zones of Phnom Penh with COVID-19 vaccines, with the administration of the rst dose to be completed soon and the second dose to commence once the stipulated time frame has been
To date, more than 1.5 million people have been vaccinated with either Sinopharm, Sinovac or Covishield (AstraZenacca vaccines) since February 10.
The same day, the Cambodian Ministry of Health confirmed 672 new cases, raising the total cases to 16,971, including 110 deaths.
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